People often confuse knitting and crochet because they both utilize yarn (or fibers) to make interlocking loops that create fabrics, but there are several ways that they differ:
Crochet: A single crochet hook. There are many sizes of hooks but you only need one in each size. Crochet is always done by hand, never by machine; it is too intricate. Machines that claim to be crocheting machines are knitting machines made to imitate crochet but is not crochet.
Knitting: Hand knitters use pointy knitting needles that come in sets of 2, double-pointed needles, or circular needles; loom knitters use the knitting loom and hook. There are machines that knit in mass production such as t-shirts and socks. Needles and looms come in varying sizes and lengths and you may need different sizes and lengths depending on the project you are doing. For example, you may use size 10 short or medium needles for a scarf but will need a pair of size 10 long needles for a blanket.
*More intricate designs and stitches may require other supplemental materials.
Both crochet and knitting involve interlocking loops of yarn. Each stitch in crochet is completed before proceeding with the next one, while knitting keeps a large number of stitches open at a time. Crochet does not have many active loops at one time so it’s easy to pick back up quickly if your hook falls out and some loops become undone. In knitting, each stitch depends on the support of the stitch below it and dropping a stitch means the whole column of stitches below it might unravel.
*More intricate styles may vary from the normal stitch patterns
The fabric made from crochet is thicker and uses up more yarn; it is also faster to make. Knitting takes longer but tends to be stretchier.
*Certain styles and stitches may be exceptions
SOOOoo… Which is BETTER?!?!
It basically depends on personal preference…but for me, it is hands down CROCHET. It’s just faster to make something with crochet and I love the look of the finished products. In crochet, if there’s a mistake, it is more easily fixed or corrected. Knitting has way more patterns available but I sometimes find the 2 needles and all the “live” stitches to be more cumbersome. Many items especially embellishments are made easier with crochet due to faster production time and less sewing. If you are making garments such as sweaters, then knitting would be best for a stretchier fabric. You should strive to learn both, but for a beginner, I will recommend crochet first because there are fewer materials needed and it is more mistake friendly. Having projects that finish faster can be more motivating as well. 🙂
P.S. Stay tune for posts on how to learn beginning crochet and knitting and what supplies to buy. ^_^